A Complete Overview of Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options for Endometriosis

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Endometriosis is the untreatable, but controllable gynaecological condition which occurs in women when their endometrial implants comprising the connective tissues within the uterus grow in other parts of their body. As the connective tissues within the uterus keep on growing, thickening and responding to menstrual cycle hormone and bleeding during the menstrual cycle, the Endometriosis forms deeply inside the body. The Endometrial tissue usually comprises of connective tissues, blood cells and glands and it actually grows in uterus so as to prepare the lining of the womb for ovulation. When they start grow outside the uterus, the condition is referred as Endometriosis and they can develop anywhere in body, especially in the pelvic region and affect the ovaries, lymph nodes, peritoneum and fallopian tubes.


What are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?

The prime physical symptom of Endometriosis is severe pain. As it grows larger it also affects most your bodily functions and activities and makes the fallopian tubes blocked. Some of the other common symptoms of Endometriosis include:

  • Severe menstrual cramping
  • Prolonged periods of more than one week
  • Pelvic pain and long term back pain
  • Heavy bleeding during menstrual cycle
  • Urinary and bowel problems including diarrhea, bloating and constipation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Bloody stool or urination
  • Spotting or bleed between periods
  • Pain during intercourse

What are the Causes of Endometriosis?

The exact cause of Endometriosis is not yet discovered medically, but some of the possible causes of Endometriosis include:

  • Retrograde Menstruation – This is a type of menstruation where the menstrual blood comprises endometrial cells flowing back through the fallopian tubes into the pelvic cavity rather than flowing out of the body.
  • Transformation of Peritoneal Cells – This is the induction theory where the experts propose hormones or immune factors promoting the transformation of peritoneal cells, the cells that line the internal side of the abdomen into the endometrial cells
  • Embryonic Cell Transformation – The female hormone like the estrogen are likely to transform the embryonic cells into the endometrial cells implants during puberty causing Endometriosis
  • Surgical Scars Implantation – During the surgical procedures lile C-Section or Hysterectomy the endometrial cells mat get attached to the incision on the site of surgery and causing Endometriosis
  • Immune System Disorder – It is also noticed that women with immune system disorders also develop Endometriosis because during this condition their body is unable to recognize and destroy the endometrial tissues which keep on growing outside the uterus in other parts causing Endometriosis

Treatment Options for Endometriosis

To treat the condition doctors may prescribe surgical procedure, but usually it is only performed if other medicinal procedures fail to respond to the condition. Some of the treatment options for Endometriosis include:

  • Pain Medications – The over the counter medicines to control pain caused during the condition of Endometriosis
  • Hormones – Hormonal therapies are also prescribed like hormonal birth control, Gonadotropin releasing hormone agonists and antagonists, Danazol or Medroxyprogesterone
  • Fertility Treatment – Pregnancy is suggested via IVF
  • Surgical Procedure – Surgery is performed to remove the areas of Endometriosis